Vastu shastra (v?stu ??stra) is a traditional Hindu system of architecture, which literally translates to “science of architecture. The Sanskrit word vastu means a dwelling or house with a corresponding plot of land.

The vrddhi, v?stu, takes the meaning of “the site or foundation of a house, site, ground, building or dwelling-place, habitation, homestead, house”. The underlying root is vas “to dwell, live, stay, reside”. The termshastra may loosely be translated as “doctrine, teaching”.

Vastu-Sastras (literally, science of dwelling) are ancient Sanskrit manuals of architecture. These contain Vastu-Vidya (literally, knowledge of dwelling).

Vastu Shastra is a science of architecture and construction. This science has paved all its way from ancient history to present day technology. These are texts found on the Indian subcontinent that describe principles of design, layout, measurements, ground preparation, space arrangement and spatial geometry. Vastu Shastra is not a myth or any magic but it is a science of vibrations and energy of each single component that came into existence on this earth.

Vastu Shastras incorporate traditional Hindu and in some cases Buddhist beliefs.] The designs are intended to integrate architecture with nature, the relative functions of various parts of the structure, and ancient beliefs utilizing geometric patterns (yantra), symmetry and directional alignments.

The rules of Vastu Shastra are in accordance with the Nature laws. These nature laws are to maintain equilibrium between human life and the nature. So no excuse would be accepted for the one who is not against these rules. Today Vastu is the foremost thing that is checked before commencing any construction or architectural works

Vastu Shastra are the textual part of Vastu Vidya, the latter being the broader knowledge about architecture and design theories from ancient India. Vastu Vidya knowledge is a collection of ideas and concepts, with or without the support of layout diagrams, that are not rigid. Rather, these ideas and concepts are models for the organization of space and form within a building or collection of buildings, based on their functions in relation to each other, their usage and to the overall fabric of the Vastu.

Vastu Shastra considers the five basic elements called the “Panch Maha Bhoota” of which the world is comprised of. They are:

1.   Earth

2.   Water

3.   Air

4.   Fire

5.   Space

Each element has its own energy and it radiates this energy at its own specific frequencies. This energy can be positive or it can be negative. Vastu Shastra acts a bridge which makes a way for all the positive energies to enter into our life.


Ancient Vastu Shastra principles include those for the design of Mandir (Hindu temples),[10] and the principles for the design and layout of houses, towns, cities, gardens, roads, water works, shops and other public areas.

Vastu is the science of direction that combines all the five elements of nature and balance them with the man and the material. Vastu Shastra is creating a congenial settings or a place to live or work, in most scientific way taking advantages of the benefits bestowed by the five elements called “Paanchbhootas” of the nature thereby paving the way for enhanced health, wealth,prosperity and happiness in an enlightened environment.

The world comprises of five basic elements, also known as the Paanchbhootas. They are Earth, Water, Air, Fire and Space. Out of the nine planets, our planet has life because of the presence of these five elements.

The Directions
The importance of orientation of a building is not only for saving energy but also to have a better house design, which not only gives comfortable living but also gives good health, prosperity and wealth to the house owners/occupiers and these families. There lies a co-relation between the rotational scenario of the planets and the house design and their different directions with respect of NORTH. The building of any type and its construction meets the purpose if proper orientation has been given using suitable local building material.

The proper orientation means the proper knowledge of all the eight directions. It is a common knowledge that the direction from where the Sun arises is known as East and where it sets as West and when one faces the East direction, towards one’s left is North and towards one’s right is South. The corner where two directions meet obviously is more significant since it combines the forces emanating from both the directions. SO in all there are eight directions , North, Northeast, East, Eastsouth, South, Southwest, West, Westnorth. Every direction has its own significance and has its own construction. The basic rules of Vastu Shastra are based on these eight directions.

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